Organizations, Development and the Sustainable Development Goals – Critical Approaches

Organizations, Development and the Sustainable Development Goals – Critical Approaches

Marc Jacquinet 


The Sustainable Development Goals, or better known by their abbreviated form, the SDGs, are already formally spread across many public policies in North and South countries. However, in the case of African countries in particular, not only is a presence of local discussions at the community level as well as at the level of public and private institutions and organizations.

If by 2020 they have already come back 5 years after the publication of the objectives, would it be important to take stock of the SDGs and their implementation so far and what future prospects for these objectives can we expect by 2030?

In this context, we can address the issue of the SDGs and organizations, namely companies, multinationals, NGOs and community, local and even governmental organizations.

The SDGs, unlike the Millennium Goals, were (1) discussed more widely at the level of all UN States and (2) were publicly discussed among the different UN countries while the Millennium Goals were set by experts. without much discussion outside the circle of experts and technocrats. Thus, the SDGs are presented as demonstrating greater legitimacy and promising greater hope.

However, numerous issues remain, notably on the African continent and beyond.

Thus there is an underlying global vision in the SDG that does not allow for deeper and more critical thinking of the processes of economic, social, environmental and political development. In this last point, there are contradictions between different objectives of sustainable development (eg, objective 9 and 10) and there are other contradictions within various objectives as in objective number 8 which deals with decent work and economic growth.

Five years after the launch of the SDGs, and with the setbacks of the Paris agreement and participatory processes in electoral or democratic processes, it is worth taking stock of the situation, particularly for African countries that are also experiencing a period of economic uncertainty and policies.

From this perspective, further research is needed on various aspects of the SDGs, including a critical perspective on human rights, environmental issues, the issue of development aid, land grabbing, the lack of transparency for many of the measures taken or announced. , the lack of popular and local consultation and the functioning and relationships between companies and multinationals and state and local powers and how all these media relate to communities and social movements and democratic and participatory processes.


Annex – The 17 Sustainable Development Goals


01 – Eradication of poverty: ending poverty in all its forms, everywhere.

02 – Zero Hunger and Sustainable Agriculture: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.

03 – Health and well-being: ensuring a healthy life and promoting well-being for all, at all ages.

04 – Quality education: Ensure inclusive, equitable and quality education, and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

05 – Gender equality: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

06 – Clean water and sanitation: ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

07 – Clean and affordable energy: Ensuring access to cheap, reliable, sustainable and renewable energy for all.

Decent work and economic growth promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all.

09 – Infrastructure innovation: building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and fostering innovation.

10 – Reduction of inequalities: reduce inequalities within and between countries.

11- Sustainable cities and communities: Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

12 – Responsible consumption and production: ensuring sustainable production and consumption patterns.

13 – Action against global climate change: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (*).

14 – Life in water: conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development.

15 – Terrestrial life: Protecting, restoring and promoting the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, managing forests sustainably, combating desertification, halting and reversing land degradation and stopping the loss of biodiversity.

16 – Peace, Justice, and Effective Institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, responsible, and inclusive institutions at all levels.

17 – Partnerships and means of implementation: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.


(*) Recognizing that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the primary intergovernmental international forum for negotiating the global response to climate change.


Cite this article as: {Jacquinet, Marc}, Organizations, Development and the Sustainable Development Goals – Critical Approaches,"{Management Critique}," in {}, 29/01/2020,

Marc Jacquinet

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